The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities was adopted in the UN General Assembly in December 2006. The Convention entered into force on the 3rd of May, 2008, when over 20 countries had ratified the Convention. Disabled People’s Organisations actively participated in drafting of the Convention in addition to the representatives of the member states.
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities complements the UN agreements on human rights that are already in force and reinforces their implementation to protect the human rights of persons with disabilities. Discrimination on the basis of disability is prohibited, and positive discrimination is acceptable in order to attain equality.
The Convention covers civil and political rights as well as economic, social and cultural rights of persons with disabilities. There is an optional protocol to the Convention that allows for individual complaints to be submitted to the CRPD Committee by individuals and groups of individuals, or by a third party, alleging that their rights have been violated under the CRPD.
For the work of the Finnish Disability & Development Partnership the Article 32 on International Cooperation plays an important role.
Finland ratified the Convention and the optional protocol on May 11th 2016 and they came into effect on June 10th 2016.